Guest Experts of previous courses

The following experts served as Guest Experts in previous courses:

Peter Van der Auweraert, Head of Land, Property and Reparations Division, IOM

Peter Van der Auweraert works as head of the Land, Property and Reparations Division at the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Geneva, Switzerland. He has worked on post-crisis land and reparations issues in, amongst other countries, Burundi, Colombia, Haiti, Timor-Leste, Iraq, Turkey and Zimbabwe and was part of the IOM team that implemented the German Forced Labour Compensation Program. Prior to his current post, Peter Van der Auweraert was executive director of Avocats Sans Frontières (ASF), an international NGO working on access to justice issues in post-conflict and transitional countries in Africa, the Middle East and South-East Asia. He is currently a member of their Board of Directors. From 1999-2006, Peter Van der Auweraert held a Visiting Lectureship in International Criminal and Public Law at the University of Turku in Finland. He earned an LLM in International Law from the University of London (United Kingdom) and a first degree in law from the University of Antwerp (Belgium). Peter Van der Auweraert has published widely on reparations, forced migration and post-crisis land and property issues and is currently finalising a handbook on integrating and managing land issues in peace negotiations for the US Institute of Peace.

Elisabeth Baumgartner, Head, Dealing with the Past Program - swisspeace

Elisabeth Baumgartner is the head of the Dealing with the Past Program of swisspeace and coordinates the Archives and Dealing with the Past project. She is an attorney at law and holds a Master in International Humanitarian Law of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. Before joining swisspeace, she worked as an lawyer in Switzerland, was then on missions with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in different contexts and worked as a lawyer for the Office of the Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) in Freetown. She is currently teaching international criminal law at the University of Lucerne. She is also a member of the Swiss National Commission for the Prevention of Torture.

David Bloomfield, Senior Advisor at Glencree, independent researcher and consultant

Originally from Belfast, Dr. David Bloomfield has worked in the field of conflict and peacebuilding as a trainer, practitioner, policy advisor, analyst, author, academic, consultant and NGO director in a variety of contexts. Since 1990, he has lived in England, the US, Sweden and Germany, and travelled widely in many conflict areas including Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Iraq, and Israel/Palestine. Most recently, from 2004-2007, he was director of the Berghof Research Centre for Conflict Management in Berlin. He holds an MA and PhD in peace studies from Bradford University (UK), and has published several books on Northern Ireland, reconciliation, conflict management and other peace-related issues.

Theo van Boven, Jurist and Professor Emeritus in International Law

Theo van Boven (1934) was UN Special Rapporteur against Torture from December 2001 to December 2004. Earlier he served as Director of Human Rights of the United Nations and was a member of the United Nations Sub-Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights and of the Committee on the Elimination of Racism and Discrimination. He was also the first Registrar of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. He was the Head of the Netherlands delegation to the United Nations Diplomatic Conference for the Establishment of an International Criminal Court (Rome, 1998). He was President of the Netherlands Association of International Law; Member of the International Commission of Jurists; and a member of the Board of the International Movement against All Forms of Discrimination and Racism. His education background and honours include: Master of Comparative Law (Dallas, Texas 1960), Doctor of Law (Rijksuniversiteit Leiden, 1967). He was also a visiting professor at Harvard Law School (1987) and at the New York University Law School (1990). He has written extensively on international human rights and humanitarian law.

Marc Caron, Security Sector Advisor

Lieutenant-General Caron has served 35 years in the Canadian Forces, culminating in the top position of Commander of the Army. In that position at the strategic level of the Canadian Forces and the Department of National Defense he contributed to the achievements of these organizations during one of the most important period in recent times of operational commitment and transformation. He has many operational experiences in Peacekeeping missions, including Cyprus, the Balkans, the Middle East and Afghanistan among others. He retired in 2007.
Since his retirement he has served as international civil servant with the UN. He was the Special Advisor on Security Sector Reform to the Special Representative of the Security General of the MONUC in DRC in 2008. In January 2012 he was appointed by the Secretary General of the UN as strategic advisor to president Alpha Condé of Guinea. In between his work with the UN he has worked with the International Security Sector Advisory Team of the Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces DCAF. In that capacity he has worked in many countries including: Rwanda, Burundi, DRC, South Africa and Mali.

Glaucia Boyer, Conflict Partnerships Specialist, UNDP

Glaucia Boyer works as a Conflict Partnerships Specialist at the United Nations Development Programme/Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (UNDP/BCPR) in Geneva, Switzerland. In this position she 1) contributes to policy and tool development and implementation in the areas of employment creation, income generation and reintegration in partnership with the International Labour Organization (ILO) and other UN agencies; 2) develops inter-agency partnerships in the field of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration with focus on capacity development, natural resource management and reintegration, including from a gender perspective; and 3) acts as the UNDP focal point for the Transition Solutions Initiative (TSI) with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Glaucia has worked with the UN since 1994 in different agencies (OCHA, DPKO, ILO, UNDP and UNU) and has supported DDR/reintegration/employment creation programmes in different countries (Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Sri Lanka and Sudan). She has a Law Degree from the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and a PhD in International Relations from The Graduate Institute of International Studies, in Geneva, Switzerland. She is married and has two children.

Sarah Clark, Consultant, Clear Thinking - Clear Communication

Sarah Clark is an independent consultant, facilitator and trainer working with both public and private sectors, supporting groups and individuals in thinking and communicating clearly about what matters to them. She uses visual thinking tools to connect people and create space for dialogue and insight. Her experience includes various mandates with humanitarian and development organizations, including SDC’s programmes in the Middle East.

Jean-Marc Comment, IT Integration Manager of the Swiss Federal Archives

Jean-Marc Comment has been working as an IT-Specialist in the Swiss Federal Archives, since 1992. He was head of the IT-Service of the Swiss Federal Archives until 2000. He is now IT Integration-Manager and deputy of the head of the Innovation and Preservation Unit of the Swiss Federal Archives. He was IT-project leader of the Comintern Archives project in Moscow and also general project leader of the project of modernisation of the Albanian Archives. He acts as adviser for digital preservation for the project of the Archives of the National Police of Guatemala. He was also many times in India to share his knowledge with the librarian’s community of this country.

Nicola Diday, Program Officer, Dealing with the Past Program - swisspeace

Nicola Diday holds an MSc in Middle East Politics from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) at London University. Before his postgraduate studies he spent a year in the Middle East working for the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung's office in Palestine and studying Arabic in Cairo. At swisspeace, he is working for the Archives and Dealing with the Past Project.

Bénédict De Moerloose, Legal Adviser, TRIAL

Bénédict De Moerloose is an attorney-at-law at TRIAL in charge of the "Figth Against Impunity program" which notably includes cases based on universal jurisdiction. In this context, he is responsible for building cases against individuals and companies suspected of international crimes. Bénédict De Moerloose holds a LL.M. in Law, Development and Governance from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) of London and a Master of Laws from the University of Geneva. He has practiced as an attorney at the Geneva bar association and has also worked with several human rights NGOs in Latin America.

Philip Grant, Director - TRIAL (Track impunity Always)

Philip Grant is the director of TRIAL (Track Impunity Always), a Geneva-based NGO providing legal support to victims of international crimes (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, torture, enforced disappearance). He holds a Master in international humanitarian and human rights law and a Ph.D from the University of Geneva. Prior to working with TRIAL, which he helped found in 2002, Philip worked as an assistant in constitutional law at the University of Geneva and then as a bar lawyer for close to 10 years. As TRIAL director, he formally represents more than 300 victims from Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Libya and Nepal in the course of over 120 separate proceedings before the European Court of Human Rights, the UN Human Rights Committee and the UN Committee against Torture

Katja A. Gysin, Advisor, Central Tracing Agency, ICRC

Katja A. Gysin, born in Switzerland, is a Swiss barrister with a Master Degree in Human Rights from the University of Essex, UK. She has worked for the municipality of Zurich, Switzerland, as a legal advisor on environmental issues between 1996 and 2000. In 2001, she joined the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and carried out a number of field missions in the Middle East, Asia, Africa and the Caucasus as a delegate and later on as a coordinator implementing and supervising activities related to the protection of civilians and persons deprived of freedom, as well as to the restoration of family links for persons separated by conflicts and other situations of violence, and the search for missing persons and the support to their families.    In 2012, she joined the Central Tracing Agency of the Protection Division at the ICRC headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, as an Advisor to the Restoring Family Links (RFL) and Missing Persons Unit. As Advisor, Katja Gysin provides technical guidance to field operations and staff in relation to activities aimed at clarifying the fate and whereabouts of missing persons and providing support to their families.

Brandon Hamber, Director of the International Conflict Research Institute (INCORE), United Nations University

Brandon Hamber is Director of the International Conflict Research Institute (INCORE), an associate site of the United Nations University based at the University of Ulster. He was born in South Africa and currently lives in Belfast. In South Africa he trained as a clinical psychologist and holds a Ph.D. from the University of Ulster. He was a Research Associate of the Belfast-based think-tank, Democratic Dialogue (2001-2006) and an Honorary Fellow at the School of Psychology at the Queen's University in Belfast (2001/2002). He co-ordinated the Transition and Reconciliation Unit at the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation in Johannesburg. He is the Chair of Healing Through Remembering and a Board member of the South African-based Khulumani Victim Support Group. He has consulted to a range of community groups, policy initiatives and government bodies, has lectured and taught widely at different Universities and has published different books.

Oliver Jütersonke, Head of Research

Dr Oliver Jütersonke is Head of Research for the Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding (CCDP) at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. He is also a Research Associate at the Zurich University Centre for Ethics. His research interests span critical security studies; conceptualizations of sovereignty; urban violence and development programming; and the history of political and legal theory. Recent publications include Morgenthau, Law and Realism (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and (with Moncef Kartas), “Ethos of Exploitation: Insecurity and Predation in Madagascar”, in Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security (Cambridge University Press, 2011). His current fieldwork includes analyses of the security sector in Timor-Leste and Rwanda.

Keith Krause, Programme Director Small Arms Survey

Keith Krause is Programme Director of the Small Arms Survey, an internationally-recognized research centre NGO he founded in 2001, and also helps coordinate the work of the Geneva Declaration Secretariat. The Small Arms Survey is the main source of information and analysis for international public policy on small arms issues. Keith is also Professor at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland; and Director of its Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding. Keith’s research interests include the changing character of contemporary armed violence, and multilateral security cooperation. He has published Arms and the State (Cambridge) and edited, co-edited or authored several books, journal articles and book chapters. Keith is Canadian, and received his MPhil and DPhil from Balliol College, Oxford, where he was a Rhodes Scholar. He has been a consultant for various international agencies and governments.

Marcus Lenzen, Conflict Adviser, UK’s Department for International Development (DFID)

Marcus Lenzen is a Conflict Adviser with the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) and currently on sabbatical. During this time, he is pursuing independent projects, including a stint as a Visiting Fellow at the University of Cambridge, and serving as a Senior Conflict and Stabilization Adviser for the UK Government’s Stabilization Unit on short-term assignments. Marcus has been working on issues relating to conflict transformation, peacebuilding and development in different capacities for almost 15 years. Prior to joining DFID, with whom he worked in London and Nigeria, Marcus held positions with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the German Development Service (GIZ). For UNDP, he was the focal point for transitional justice in the Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery and supported country offices with programme design and implementation on transitional justice and other issues in the Balkans, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Timor Leste, Central America and others. For the GIZ, Marcus was based in Guatemala and Peru supporting national organisations involved in efforts to deal with the violent past in those countries, for example the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Marcus was an advisory board member and contributing author to the International Center for Transitional Justice’s book project, Transitional Justice and Development: Making Connections. He holds Master degrees in Politics, Modern History and Development Studies from the Universities of Muenster, Germany, and the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Ambassador Jürg Lindenmann

Ambassador Jürg Lindenmann, Dr. iur., Attorney-at-law (Berne), is Deputy Director of the Directorate of International Law at the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) and Head of its Division I (Human Rights and IHL, Diplomatic and Consular Law). He also serves as the Swiss Counterterrorism Coordinator and as Secretary of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC). Before August 2009, he was the Deputy Legal Advisor of the FDFA and Head of the Unit “Development of International Law” within the Directorate of International Law. Between 1992 and 1999, he had served as legal officer in the International Affairs Division of the Federal Office of Justice. His professional experience relates to a variety of issues concerning general international law, human rights, international criminal law and institutional law. He has been teaching at the University of Fribourg between 2002 and 2009 as well as at the Law Faculty of the University of Lucerne in 2008 and is teaching “The Law of International Organizations” at the University of Berne since 2006.

Alistair Little, Counsellor, Consultant, Nothern Ireland

Alistair Little is a former loyalist political prisoner, from an Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) (Protestant) background. Alistair became involved in the conflict in and about Northern Ireland at the age of 14, was imprisoned at the age of 17 and served almost 13 years in prison. Upon his release Alistair qualified as a counsellor and for more than 20 years have been doing peace/reconciliation/conflict transformation work in Northern Ireland, Ireland, the Balkans, the Middle East, and South Africa. A key focus of Alistair’s work remains the exploration of the human cost of violent conflict, working with former combatants, survivors and members of wider society. This exploration includes the facilitation of in-depth sharing of personal histories/storytelling between diverse participants, in combination with deep dialogue and nature-based activities - a process entitled as Journey through Conflict. Alistair has given presentations at numerous international conferences on conflict and reconciliation themes and has participated in many local and international TV programs, most recently 'Moving Beyond Hatred' for NHK, Japan. Part of this journey from political violence to becoming a conflict transformation practitioner is the subject of an award-winning BBC film 'Five Minutes of Heaven', starring Liam Neeson and Jimmy Nesbitt, screened internationally since January 2009. Alistair’s autobiography 'Give a Boy a Gun: From Killing to Peacebuilding' (London: Darton, Longman & Todd) was published in early 2009. In 2013 Alistair and Wilhelm Verwoerd also published a Journey through Conflict Trail Guide (London: Trafford).

Laurence McKeown, Independent Consultant

Laurence McKeown is a writer, playwright, and researcher though sees those roles within the broader context of political activism, academia, and the role that the arts can play in both. His involvement in creative works, political education, and academia began during his period of incarceration as an Irish republican political prisoner (1976-1992). Following his release from prison Laurence completed a doctoral thesis at Queen’s University, Belfast which examined the development of Irish republican prisoners’ politics and methods of organisation. His thesis was published in 2001 entitled Out of Time. From 1998-2007 he was co-ordinator with Coiste na-nIarchimí, the umbrella organisation for former republican prisoners throughout Ireland. During this time Laurence was also becoming more involved in the arts and was co-writer of a feature film, H3, (2001) based on the 1981 hunger strike within the prison which he participated in and during which 10 prisoners died. In more recent years Laurence has used full-length plays and bespoke theatre to explore issues concerning the legacy of the conflict in the North of Ireland particularly with Healing Through Remembering (www.healingthroughremembering.org) of which he is a member. Laurence is also a regular commentator in the press and media and continues with political activism.

Abdelhany Moudden, Member of Morocco's Consultative Council for Human Rights

Abdelhay Moudden, a Moroccan national, received his B.A. from the Faculty of Law at Mohamed V University in Rabat, his M.A. in Political Science from the University of West Florida, and his Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Michigan. Dr. Moudden has been on the faculty of Mohamed V University in Rabat since 1978, teaching political science and international relations. He has been a Fulbright scholar at the School for International Training and Marlboro College in Vermont, lectured widely around the world, and published a number of professional articles in his fields. Dr. Moudden published two novels in Arabic, one in 1996 and a second in 2003 which won the Moroccan Book Award. Dr. Moudden is a former member Truth and Reconciliation Commission and is currently a member of the Consultative Council for Human Rights.  He is married and has one daughter.

Anita Müller, Director and Head of Programs, swisspeace

Anita Müller received her Ph.D. in history from the University of Zurich (1991). She served as a research assistant at the department for Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Zurich (1989-1991), participated in ICRC missions in Kuwait (1991), and worked with the Swiss NGO "The Berne Declaration" (1992-98). She held a position as head of the Swiss delegation and of the Research, Analysis and Information department at the "Temporary International Presence in the City of Hebron" (1998-1999). Before joining swisspeace, she directed the regional office of the Swiss Cultural Foundation Pro Helvetia in Egypt (1999-2001). At swisspeace she headed the Center for Peacebuilding (KOFF) from 2002-2010. She is now Director and Head of Programs of swisspeace.

Andreas Nef, Archivist, Swiss Expert Pool for Civilian Peacebuilding

Andreas Nef holds a MA in History and Computer Science from the University of Zurich. After graduation, he continued at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, to assist in the development and management of e-learning courses in the history of technology and (co-)authored several historical publications. Since 2004 Andreas Nef has been working as archivist and project manager at Docuteam GmbH and is responsible for the development of digital archiving solutions. He became a member of the Swiss Expert Pool for Civilian Peacebuilding in 2009 and is seconded by the Federal Department for Foreign Affairs to support the archiving activities of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL), working on site in Freetown, and since 2010 also in The Hague. A member of the International Council on Archives, he recently served as archival expert for Swisspeace in Tunisia.

Lisa Ott, Senior Program Officer, Dealing with the Past Program - swisspeace

Lisa Ott holds a PhD and a Master of Law from the University of Lucerne and a Certificat de Droit Transnational from the University of Geneva. After having worked as a research and teaching assistant at the University of Lucerne and completing her PhD thesis on the topic of Enforced Disappearance in the international legal framework, she joined the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal in 2010. From 2011 to May 2014 she then worked as an Associate Expert and Human Rights Officer with OHCHR in Colombia. During her studies, she interned with an indigenous organisation and the Human Rights Institute in El Salvador at different occasions. Lisa joined the Dealing with the Past team in July 2014.

Marianne Pecassou, ICRC

Marianne Pecassou starts working for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 2001 and, after 10 years of field working experience, she joins the Central Tracing Agency of the Protection Division at the ICRC headquarters, as the Head of the Restoring Family Links (RFL) and Missing Persons Unit. As Head of Unit, Marianne Pecassou is in charge to provide policy guidance and strategic advice to ICRC field operations and staff, in relation to activities aimed at preventing separation, restoring and maintaining contact between family members, clarifying what has happened to persons reported missing and providing support for their families. Prior to joining ICRC headquarters, Marianne worked in South America, Africa, Caucasus and Central Asia, as a field delegate and later on as a coordinator in charge to implement and supervise activities related to the protection of civilians and persons deprived of freedom, as well as to the restoration of family links for persons separated by conflicts and other situations of violence, and the search for missing persons and the support to their families. From 1996 to 2000, Marianne worked for the French NGO Action Contre la Faim overseas, being in charge of supervising and coordinating food security activities in the Balkans, West Africa and Eastern Europe. Previously, Marianne worked as a social worker in France and in Peru, for various governmental institutions and non-governmental organisations. Marianne holds a Master of Applied Foreign Languages from Université de Toulouse Le Mirail (France) and a Master of Social Work from Université de Montral (Canada). She is fluent in Spanish, French, English and Portuguese.

Marc Perrenoud, Historian, Scientific Assistant, Swiss FDFA

Dr. Marc Perrenoud, a Swiss and French national, joined the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs as a historian in 2002. His work includes the publication of volumes of Diplomatic Documents of Switzerland which concern the Second World War and the postwar period (www.dodis.ch). Since 1981 he has been involved in various historical research projects, such as the «Historical Dictionary of Switzerland». From March 1997 until December 2001, he was the scientific advisor to the «Independent Commission of Experts: Switzerland – Second World War», known as «Bergier Commission» (www.uek.ch). His main fields of research comprise Switzerland’s foreign relations, economic and financial history, anti-Semitism, xenophobia, integration of foreigners in Switzerland.

Albrecht Schnabel, Senior Fellow Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)

Albrecht Schnabel is a Senior Fellow at the Research Division of the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), where he is engaged in research, policy advice and training with a focus on armed nonstate actors, human security, peace processes and non-traditional roles of armed forces, primarily in the context of security sector reform and governance. He has held research and teaching positions at universities, research institutions and the UN, participated in OSCE election monitoring missions, served as a trainer in conflict prevention for the UN System Staff College and, in 2001-02, as President of the International Association of Peacekeeping Training Centres. He was educated at the University of Munich, the University of Nevada and Queen’s University (Canada), where he received his PhD in 1995. His publications have focussed on ethnic conflict, refugees, armed nonstate actors, human security, security sector reform, early warning, conflict prevention and management, peacekeeping, and post-conflict peacebuilding, including a co-edited volume on After Mass Crime: Rebuilding States and Communities (2007).

Friedrich Schwindt, Founding Partner of a Consulting Company for Change Management and Police Reform

Friedrich Schwindt was a career police officer and has been working through rank and file to the position of Polizeidirektor in the Nordrhein-Westfalen Police. His vita includes extended experience as department head at state criminal investigation office level, as deputy chief and director of a major CID, as director of a major Organized Crime Control Bureau, as division commander and senior advisor and as gold commander for serious cases of violent crimes like kidnapping and extortion. He served also as senior lecturer in criminology at the police university in Nordrhein-Westfalen and was twice seconded as director UNMiBH police and director UNMiK police. Since his retirement he is founding partner of a consulting company that is specialized in change management and police reform abroad.

Ambassador Heidi Tagliavini, Swiss FDFA

Heidi Tagliavini joined the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) in 1982. A Swiss career diplomat for 30 years she served in 19 bilateral and multilateral assignments. In 2008 the Council of Ministers of the European Union appointed her as the Head of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission for the Conflict in Georgia (IIFFMCG). Her first assignments were in Bern and Lima. In 1989 she was transferred to the Swiss Embassy in Moscow. At the end of 1992 she was transferred as Councilor and Deputy Head of Mission at the Swiss Embassy in The Hague. In 1995, Heidi Tagliavini was deployed as a member of the first OSCE Assistance Group in Chechnya in the middle of the Chechen war. In 1998, after a second term as Minister and Deputy Head of Mission at the Swiss Embassy in Moscow, the UN Secretary General appointed Ambassador Tagliavini as Deputy Head of Mission to the UN Special Representative for the conflict in Georgia (UNOMIG). In 1999, she returned to the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs to head the Political Affairs Division of the Political Directorate dealing with Human Rights and Humanitarian Policy. In 2000, the Austrian OSCE Chairperson-in-Office appointed her as her Personal Representative for missions in the Caucasus. From 2001 to 2002, Heidi Tagliavini was Swiss Ambassador to Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 2002 the UN SG appointed her as his Special Representative of the UN Secretary General and Head of the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG). Back in the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2006, she served as Deputy Political Director and Deputy State Secretary of the Foreign Ministry. After the release of the EU commissioned Report on the Conflict in Georgia in 2009, Heidi Tagliavini served as the Head of the OSCE/ODIHR election observation mission in several elections: the Presidential Election in Ukraine in 2010, the Duma elections 2011 and the Presidential election 2012 in the Russian Federation as well as the Presidential election in Armenia in 2013. From 2008 – 2012 she was also Diplomat-in-Residence at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy. Heidi Tagliavini, who was born in Basel, Switzerland, completed her studies in philology in Geneva and Moscow. She speaks eight languages and holds two honorary doctorates from the universities of Basel and Bern.

Nicole Töpperwien, Expert Consultant

Nicole Töpperwien is an expert consultant with experience advising on a range of power-sharing issues, including federalism, decentralisation, and the inclusion of non-majority groups, with a focus on conflict and post-conflict situations. She had the opportunity to work on and in different peace and constitution making processes and to experience the challenges of post-agreement implementation. Highlights of her career have been working on the implementation of the Ohrid Framework Agreement as adviser within the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister in Macedonia and accompanying the constitution-making process in Nepal. From March 2012 to March 2013 she served as Senior Power-sharing Expert in the Standby team of experts for the Mediation Support Unit of the UN. She is co-founder of the Swiss thinktank and consultancy company Ximpulse.